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Home > History & Science > Man made wonders of the world

Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World only one, the Great Pyramid of Giza survives the others were 2) Hanging Gardens of Babylon 3) Statue of Zeus at Olympia 4) Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 5) Mausoleum at Halicarnassus 6) Colossus of Rhodes and 7) Lighthouse of Alexandria. This poll represents the many wonders in the world today.


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1) The Great Pyramid of Giza - Egypt

The only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that survives. Built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian King Khufu and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC. The Great Pyramid was the tallest man made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.


2) The Taj Mahal - Agra, India

Completed in 1653 the Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a mausoleum in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Combining elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. And is cited as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage.”


3) Machu Picchu - Peru

Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most familiar symbols of the Inca Empire. The Incas started building it around AD 1430 but was abandoned as an official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire. Although known locally, it was largely unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American historian. Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction.


4) The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from Xiongnu attacks during various successive dynasties. the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi). At its peak, the Ming Wall was guarded by more than one million men. It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.


5) Petra - Jordan

Petra, renowned for its rock cut architecture, lies in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba). The Nabataeans constructed it as their capital city around 100 BC. It has famously been described as "a rose-red city half as old as time"


6) The Colosseum - Rome

The Roman Colosseum was completed in 80 AD. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology


7) Chichen Itza - Yucatán, Mexico

Built by the Maya civilization located in the northern centre of the Yucatán Peninsula, its history is uncertain but it is thought that Chichen Itza rose to regional prominence towards the end of the Early Classic period (roughly 600 AD). A recent study of human remains taken from the area found that they had wounds consistent with human sacrifice.


8) Hagia Sophia - Istanbul

Originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537, later a mosque, now a museum. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and to have "changed the history of architecture."] It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years.


9) Potala Palace - Lhasa, Tibet

Completed in 1694 the Potala Palace was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India, after an invasion and failed uprising in 1959. Today the Potala Palace has been converted into a museum by the Chinese. Thirteen stories of buildings – containing over 1,000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and about 200,000 statues.


10) Stonehenge - Wiltshire, England

Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones and sits at the centre of the densest complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds. Believed to have been erected around 2500 BC. The dating of cremated remains found on the site shows that burials took place there as early as 3000 BC, when the initial ditch and bank were first dug.

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